Mitosis vs. Meiosis
Mitosis and meiosis are both forms of cell division and reproduction. Mitosis results in new cells that are genetically identical to the parent cell. Meiosis results in new cells that are genetically different from the parent cell and are only created for the purpose of sexual reproduction. Mitosis is more common and has a wider variety of functions.
Mitosis is a form of cell division in which the nucleus of one cell splits into two and both new nuclei have the same number of chromosomes as the original nucleus. All organisms undergo mitosis to generate new cells. Mitosis occurs in steps called prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. It is an essential life function as it creates new cells for growth and replacing worn-out cells. It is also the method of reproduction in asexual organisms.
Meiosis is a form of cell division in which the nucleus of one cell splits into four and each new nucleus has half the number of chromosomes as the original nucleus. Meiosis is necessary to produce gametes in organisms that reproduce sexually. It creates female
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