Angelfish Facts

Angelfish Facts
Angelfish is a type of ray-finned fish. There are plenty of species of angelfish that can be divided in two main groups: marine and freshwater angelfish. Freshwater angelfish, also known as cichlids, are native to South America. They can be found in the Amazon river and various ponds and lakes. Marine angelfish are diverse group of more than 85 species of fish that inhabit warm, shallow waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean. Thanks to their unusual shape and beautiful colors of the body, both freshwater and marine angelfish are very popular aquarium fish.
Interesting Angelfish Facts:
Angelfish can reach 2 to 24 inches in length, depending on the species.
Marine angelfish can be red, blue, green or yellow-colored and covered with various bright markings and bands. Freshwater angelfish are silvery-blue colored and covered with dark, longitudinal stripes.
Identification of male and female angelfish is not an easy task because they are equal in size and have same coloration of the body.
Bright colored body of marine angelfish provides camouflage in the coral reefs and plays important role in communication.
Both freshwater and marine angelfish have thin, laterally-compressed body, small mouth and long dorsal and anal fins.
Angelfish are active during the day.
Angelfish are omnivores (their diet is based both on the plants and animals). Marine angelfish like to eat sponges, algae, jellyfish and small fish. Freshwater angelfish are more carnivorous in nature. They like to eat bloodworms, shrimps and insects.
Experts claim that angelfish are very intelligent creatures that can recognize their owners (when kept as pets).
Young freshwater angelfish often live in the group, while adults prefer solitary life. They become territorial and aggressive toward other fish when they reach adulthood.
Angelfish are not agile swimmers and they cannot cope with strong currents in the water.
Natural enemies of angelfish are large species of fish and humans.
Freshwater angelfish form monogamous pairs that last for a lifetime. In the case that one of the partners die, "widow"/"widower" spends the rest of its life in celibacy (it refuses to mate until the end of its life). Marine angelfish are either monogamous or live in harems composed of one male and several females.
Females produce 100 to 1000 eggs per season. Freshwater angelfish lay eggs in the neat rows. Both parent guard their eggs and protect their offspring when they hatch. Unlike freshwater angelfish, eggs of marine angelfish float freely during the incubation period and serve as food for many plankton feeders.
Fry (newly hatched fish) consume remains of the yolk during the first few days of their life, and then start to swim and seek food actively. Freshwater angelfish reach sexual maturity at the age of 6 to 12 months.
Angelfish can survive 10 to 15 years in the captivity.

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