Asian giant hornet Facts

Asian giant hornet Facts
Asian giant hornet, also known as Giant Sparrow Bee, is the largest species of hornet on the planet. It can be found in the Eastern Asia. Asian giant hornet inhabits temperate and tropical forests. It is especially numerous in the mountains of Japan. Asian giant hornet is aggressive, predatory insect that despite its ferocious nature cannot cope with the accelerated habitat loss, which is the major threat for the survival of this species in the wild.
Interesting Asian giant hornet Facts:
Asian giant hornet can reach 1.5 to 2 inches in length. It has a wingspan of 3 inches.
Asian giant hornet has orange head with brown antennae. Abdomen is covered with alternate dark-brown and yellowish-orange bands.
Asian giant hornet has 0.25-inches-long stinger that is used to inject venom into the victim's body. Stinger can be used multiple times to deliver extremely potent venom, composed of 8 different chemical substances.
Asian giant hornet often attacks European honey bees and uses their larvae as a source of food for its young. As soon as bee hive is discovered, Asian giant hornet secretes pheromones to attract other members of the colony to the newly discovered source of food. One Asian giant hornet can kill 40 honey bees in less than a minute, while few of them can destroy colony of 30.000 honey bees after only couple of hours.
When honey bees detect Asian giant hornet on time, they apply unusual strategy to kill it. Swarm of honey bees surrounds Asian giant hornet and rises temperature around it until it becomes "cooked".
Aside from honey bees, Asian giant hornet also eats wasps, praying mantis and other hornets.
Asian giant hornet is able to travel distance of 60 miles at the speed of 25 miles per hour to catch its prey.
Asian giant hornet does not hesitate to attack humans. All victims should seek medical attention as soon as possible due to life-threatening allergic reaction.
Asian giant hornet is responsible for 40 human deaths in Japan each year.
Asian giant hornets are social insects. They live in colonies that consist of workers, drones and queen. Workers collect food, protect nest and take care of the youngest members of the colony. Drones fertilize queen, while queen lays eggs and establishes new colony each year.
Queen builds nest and lays eggs inside the hollow tree or under the rotten roots. Nest is made of chewed bark and it consists of numerous cells arranged in the form of honeycomb.
Construction of the nest starts in the spring and continues until the autumn when workers and queen complete their life cycle and die.
Drones fly away from the colony when they reach adult stage. They die as soon as they fertilize newly-formed queens.
Fertilized queens remain dormant until the spring, when cycle starts all over again.
Asian giant hornet is part of human diet in Japan.

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