Broad-headed snake Facts

Broad-headed snake Facts
Broad-headed snake is a type of venomous snake that belongs to the group of elapid snakes. It can be found in the Sydney Basin (125 miles wide area around Sydney) in the eastern Australia. Broad-headed snake inhabits rocky outcrops surrounded with eucalyptus and evergreen vegetation and sandstone ridgetops (bush rock). Habitat destruction, removal of sandstone rocks (that are used for decoration of gardens), intentional killing and uncontrolled collecting of snakes from the wild (due to pet trade), are the major threats for the survival of this species. Broad-headed snake is listed as endangered in the New South Wales and vulnerable globally.
Interesting Broad-headed snake Facts:
Broad-headed snake can reach 20 to 35 inches in length. Females are larger than males.
Broad-headed snake has black body covered with bright yellow scales arranged in the form of irregular cross-bands. Bottom side of the body is grey and covered with yellow blotches.
Broad-headed snake has wide head (compared to the rest of the body), that is flat at top. It has slender body and eyes with rounded pupils.
Broad-headed snake is nocturnal animal (active during the night).
Broad-headed snake spends most of its life near the rocks (rock-dwelling creature). Large rocks and crevices of rocks are used as shelter and source of food (many animals hide under or inside the rocks). Adult males and non-gravid females migrate toward the nearby woodlands during the summer to escape from the merciless sun.
Broad-headed snake is an ambush predator (it hunts using the element of surprise). It silently sits and waits until the prey finally appears. Broad-headed snake often uses one hiding place extended period of time and returns to the "old" rocks at the end of the summer.
Broad-headed snake is a carnivore (meat-eater). Its diet is based on lizards (especially velvet gecko and small skinks), frogs, small-eyed snakes and small mammals.
Even though broad-headed snake belongs to the group of venomous snakes, bites are rarely fatal for humans due to small size of the animal.
Natural enemies of broad-headed snake are foxes, cats and birds.
Broad-headed snake is solitary and territorial animal. Males occupy territory of 3.43 hectares that frequently overlap with territories of the nearby females.
Mating season of broad-headed snakes takes place from autumn to spring. Females produce offspring once every two years.
Females give birth to 4 to 12 live babies usually from January to April. Larger females give birth to more babies compared to small-sized females.
Baby snakes are large at birth (7.8 inches), but they grow slowly due to irregular feeding (broad-headed snake can survive 12 months without food).
Broad-headed snakes reach sexual maturity at the age of 5 (females) to 6 (males) years.
Broad-headed snake can survive up to 19 years in the captivity.

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