Chinstrap penguin Facts

Chinstrap penguin Facts
Chinstrap penguin is a type of medium-sized penguin. It can be found on the Sandwich Islands and other small islands in the circumpolar parts of Antarctica. Chinstrap penguin spends part of its life in the water (where it collects food), and other part on the rocky coast, rough coastlines and edges of the cliffs (where it rests, nests and seeks protection against predators). This is one of the most abundant species of penguins. According to the latest studies, there are around 7.5 million breeding pairs of chinstrap penguins in the wild. Chinstrap penguin is not on the list of endangered species.
Interesting Chinstrap penguin Facts:
Chinstrap penguin can reach 28 to 30 inches in height and 6.5 to 10 pounds of weight. Males are taller and heavier than females.
Chinstrap penguin is covered with dense, waterproof plumage. It has bluish-black plumage on head and back and white plumage on the face and ventral side of the body. Chinstrap penguin has thin, chinstrap-like, black line on the chin which stretches from ear to ear (hence the name).
Chinstrap penguin is also known as "stonecracker penguin" because it communicates via harsh calls.
Chinstrap penguin has red eyes, short, black bill, strong legs and webbed feet that are pink in color.
Chinstrap penguin is a carnivore. Its diet is based on krill, small fish and squids.
Chinstrap penguin can dive to a depth of 200 feet to find food. It stays under the water less than 1 minute (20 to 30 seconds on average). Chinstrap penguin usually forages close to the coast (it occasionally searches food in the open sea).
Chinstrap penguin is an excellent swimmer that can reach speed of 20 miles per hour.
When it is on the solid ground, chinstrap penguin often moves by gliding on its stomach.
Chinstrap penguin lives in large colonies that consist of million animals. It is often described as the most aggressive species of penguin.
Chinstrap penguin leaves the colony and migrates to the north during the winter.
Natural enemies of chinstrap penguins are leopard seals and killer whales. Eggs and chicks are on a target of sheathbills and brown skua.
Mating season of chinstrap penguins takes place during November and December. They construct round nest where female lays 2 eggs. Both parents participate in the incubation of eggs (shift usually lasts 5 to 10 days) during a period of 37 days.
Chicks spend first 20 to 30 days of their life in the nest. Both parents provide food for their offspring. Young chinstrap penguins have grey plumage on the back before they moult for the first time.
At the age of 7 to 9 weeks, chinstrap penguins are ready to swim and hunt on their own.
Chinstrap penguin can survive 15 to 20 years in the wild.

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