Common redpoll Facts

Common redpoll Facts
Common redpoll is a songbird that belongs to the finch family. It inhabits open coniferous and deciduous forests, ravines and slopes in the northern parts of Eurasia and North America. Common redpoll is adapted to the life in the polar regions (tundra). It occasionally visits human settlements (usually during the winter) to collect food from the feeders. Number of common redpolls in the wild is large and stable because they inhabit remote, cold habitats that humans rarely visit.
Interesting Common redpoll Facts:
Common redpoll can reach 4.7 to 5.5 inches in length and 0.4 to 0.7 ounces of weight.
Common redpoll is grey-brown colored. It has dark streaks on the upper side of the body and flanks. Bottom part of the body is whitish. Color of the plumage depends on the season. Common redpolls are more intensely colored during the summer. Crown, cheeks, breasts and rump of males are brightly red during the breeding season.
Unlike other birds, common redpoll do not have bare skin. Their entire body is covered with feathers to prevent freezing during the cold winters.
Common redpoll has short, conical beak, small, roundish body and forked tail. Bright yellow beak with black tip changes the color into ochre with brown tip during the breeding season.
Common redpoll is diurnal bird (active during the day).
Common redpoll is an omnivore (it eats plants and meat). Its diet is mostly based on various types of seed, buds, leaves, fruit and catkins. Soft-bodied invertebrates are on the menu during the summer.
Common redpoll often hangs upside-down from the tree branches while it eats. It is able to collect the seed in the expanded part of throat for the later use.
Common redpoll produces metallic, energetic and rising calls that often end with long warble.
Common redpoll is gregarious bird that lives in pairs or in small flocks.
Some common redpolls travel toward the south during the winter, while others remain on their breeding ground entire year (sedentary). Sedentary common redpolls use dense, fluffy feathers and tunnels in the snow to protect themselves against cold, winter air during the night.
Mating season of common redpolls lasts from May to July. They form monogamous couples (pairs that mate for a lifetime) and produce one brood per season. Males perform acrobatics in the air and collect food for the females as a part of courtship.
Female builds cup-shaped nest made of grass, moss, roots and twigs in the trees, rock crevices or in the low shrubs.
Female lays 4 to 6 eggs that hatch after 10 to 13 days. Male provides food for female during the period of incubation.
Young common redpolls are ready to leave the nest 12 to 15 days after hatching. They reach sexual maturity at the age of one year.
Common redpoll can survive up to 7 years in the wild.

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