Eastern wood-pewee Facts

Eastern wood-pewee Facts
Eastern wood-pewee is a songbird that belongs to the family of tyrant flycatchers. It can be found in North America. Eastern wood-pewee inhabits deciduous forests, open pine forests, mixed forests, areas near the roads, orchards and suburban areas. These birds are numerous in the wild except in the eastern parts of the USA where white-tailed deer destroy intermediate canopy and decrease amount of available food. Eastern wood-pewee is not on the list of endangered species.
Interesting Eastern wood-pewee Facts:
Eastern wood-pewee can reach 5.9 to 6.3 inches in length and 0.4 to 0.7 ounces of weight.
Eastern wood-pewee is covered with grey plumage. It has white throat, olive-green breasts and pale grey or yellowish belly. Two white stripes cover dark wings.
Eastern wood-pewee has multi-colored beak: upper part of the beak is black, lower part is orange.
Eastern wood-pewee has long wings with pointed tips. It has a wingspan of 9.1 to 10.2 inches and it produces shallow wing beats during the flight.
Eastern wood-pewee is an omnivore (it eats plants and meat). Its diet is based mostly on the various types of flies, butterflies, bees, wasps, grasshoppers and crickets. Eastern wood-pewee occasionally consumes berries and seed.
Eastern wood-pewee catches the prey in the air or collects it from the branches and leaves.
Eastern wood-pewee migrates to the Central and South America during the autumn to avoid cold weather and lack of food. It lives solitary life on the wintering grounds.
Group of eastern wood-pewees is known as dribble or squirt.
Eastern wood-pewee produces whistle-like "pee-a-wee" calls, hence the name - pewee.
Even though eastern wood-pewee can be heard throughout the day, it prefers to sing after the sunset and before the dawn. Each song consists of series of slow "pee-a-wee" calls combined with down-slurred "pee-yuu" calls.
Mating season of eastern wood-pewees takes place from May to June. Each pair occupies territory of 5 to 20 acres and defends it fiercely against intruders.
Female builds cup-shaped nests in the tree. They are made of twigs, roots, bark and lined with moss, grass and wool. Eastern wood-pewee builds small, inconspicuous nests and covers them with lichens to create nests that resemble knots on the trees.
Female lays 2 to 4 (usually 3) eggs. They are oval, creamy white and covered with brown freckles. Incubation period lasts 12 to 14 days. Hatchlings are helpless at birth. Both parents collect food for their chicks.
Young birds leave the nest 16 to 18 days after hatching. First flight is clumsy and chicks often end up on the ground. Parents will supply their chicks with food until they become able to fly and to join them in the air.
Eastern wood-pewee can survive more than 8 years in the wild.

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