Emperor tamarin Facts

Emperor tamarin Facts
Emperor tamarin is small primate that belongs to the group of New World monkeys. There are two subspecies of emperor tamarin that can be found in Peru, Brazil, Bolivia and southwestern parts of the Amazon Basin. Emperor tamarin prefers lowland tropical rainforests, but it can be also found in the seasonally flooded forests, mountain rainforests and broadleaf and evergreen forests on the altitude below 984 feet. Accelerated habitat loss due to building of the roads and ranches for cattle is the major threat for the survival of emperor tamarin in the wild. Global population of emperor tamarin is still large and stable and this species is not on the list of endangered animals.
Interesting Emperor tamarin Facts:
Emperor tamarin can reach 9 to 10 inches in length (not including 13.8 to 16.3 inches of tail) and 7.7 to 32 ounces of weight.
Emperor tamarin has silky, grey-colored coat speckled with yellow hairs on the chest. It has black hands and feet, reddish-orange tail and prominent long, white moustaches with or without beard (depending on the subspecies) on the face.
Emperor tamarin is named after its moustaches, which are similar in shape and size with moustaches of the late German emperor Wilhelm II.
Emperor tamarin has small body, long claws on the feet and long, thin prehensile tail.
Emperor tamarin is active during the day (diurnal animal). It rarely descends to the forest floor and walks on all four of its legs. Emperor tamarin spends the most of its life in the trees, which provide plenty of food and protection against predators.
Emperor tamarin is an omnivore. Its diet is based on fruit, nectar, tree sap, insects, lizards, small reptiles and eggs.
2/3 of all females are trichromats. Their ability to detect three colors facilitates identification of ripe fruit. Other females and males are dichromats. Even though they can see only two colors, they can easily detect well-camouflaged predators and prey.
Emperor tamarin lives in a group (troop) of 4 to 20 animals. Elderly female is the leader of the group. Each group occupies and defends its territory.
Emperor tamarins communicate via hissing sounds, thrills and chirping calls. Grooming plays important role in strengthening the bonds between the members of the group.
Natural enemies of emperor tamarins are snakes, birds of prey, dogs and wild cats.
Mating season of emperor tamarin takes place between April and July.
Pregnancy lasts 140 to 145 days and ends with one or two babies. Entire group takes care of the babies. Males are responsible for transportation and grooming, females for cleaning of the babies.
Young emperor tamarins start to eat solid food at the age of 4 to 7 weeks. They become ready for the independent life at the age of 10 to 18 months.
Emperor tamarin reaches sexual maturity at the age of 2 years.
Emperor tamarin can survive 17 to 20 years in the wild.

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