Fennec fox Facts

Fennec fox Facts
Fennec fox is the smallest species of fox in the world. It belongs to the family of dog-like mammals (Canidae). Fennec fox can be found in the sandy deserts of the North Africa and Sinai Peninsula. It is often on a target of hunters because of its soft fur. Fennec fox is also frequently collected from the wild due to increased demand for the exotic pets (this is the only species of fox that can be kept as a pet). Despite these factors, population of fennec fox is still large and stable.
Interesting Fennec fox Facts:
Fennec fox can reach 9 to 16 inches in length and 2 to 3 pounds of weight.
Fennec fox has light beige fur on the back and white fur on the belly. Thick fur keeps body temperature stable during the cold nights and protects skin from the merciless sun during the day.
Fennec fox has very large, 6-inches-long ears. Oversized ears radiate excess heat and prevent overheating of the body. Aside from large ears, fennec fox has very long tail with black tip and furry paws which facilitate movement across the hot, loose sand.
Fennec fox is active during the night (nocturnal animal). It sleeps in the underground den during the day and hunts during the night when temperature drops for "few" degrees.
Fennec fox has excellent sense of hearing and smell which are used for detection of food sources.
Fennec fox is an omnivore. Its diet is based on the leaves, fruit, roots, eggs, insects, rodents and small reptiles.
Fennec fox can survive prolonged period of time without water thanks to the ability to obtain all moisture that it needs from the food.
Natural enemies of fennec foxes are eagle owl, caracals, jackals, hyenas and domestic dogs.
Fennec fox is social animals. It lives in the family groups of around 10 animals.
Fennec fox digs den that can be 3 feet deep and 32 feet long. Den is usually located at the bottom of the stable sand dunes, surrounded with sparse vegetation which is used as additional shelter from the heat. Den has around 15 different entrances and it is often connected with dens of the nearby families.
Mating season of fennec foxes takes place from January to February. They form monogamous couples that last for a lifetime.
Males are very aggressive and territorial during the mating season. They use urine and feces to mark the borders of their territory.
Females produce one litter per season. Pregnancy lasts 50 days and ends with 2 to 4 babies (kits). They depend on the mother's milk until the age of 60 to 70 days.
Fennec fox reaches sexual maturity at the age of 10 months.
Fennec fox can survive 10 years in the wild and 12 to 13 years in the captivity.

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