Fox Facts

Fox Facts
Fox is a close relative of jackals, wolves and dogs, which all together belong to canine family. Out of 39 described species, there are 12 true species of foxes that can be found in all continents. Foxes can survive in forests, grasslands, mountains, Arctic Circle, country side and near the urban areas. The most common and widespread species is the red fox. Hunting of red foxes was popular practice in the past and it still exists in certain parts of the world. Fortunately, this cruel tradition slowly disappears. Some species of foxes, such as crab-eating fox and the African bat-eared fox, are listed as endangered due to slow reproduction and inability to adapt to the changes in their environment.
Interesting Fox Facts:
Depending on the species, foxes range in size. They usually weigh 13 pounds, like a small to medium sized dog.
Foxes are characterized by sharp muzzle and fluffy tail. Color of the fur can be red, brown, black, grey, silver or white - depending on their environment.
Tip of the tail is always white. Tips of their ears and feet are always black.
Foxes share some similarities with cats. They have retractable claws (which can be pulled inside the paws) and vertical pupils.
Vertical pupils are typical for creatures that are active at night (nocturnal). Foxes see well at dim light. Besides good night eyesight, foxes have excellent sense of smell and hearing. They use these senses to detect the prey.
Foxes prefer meat and they will readily hunt birds (including poultry), rodents, small mammals and reptiles. They are also able to dig and eat human waste and different types of fruit and berries.
Most species of foxes are solitary. Rare species live and hunt in small packs.
Foxes can run very fast (up to 30 miles per hour) thanks to their slender body.
Grey foxes are the only members of the dog family that are able to climb the tree.
Foxes dig underground dens, where they hide from the predators and take care of their babies.
Typical predators of foxes are wolves, bears, mountain lions and coyotes.
Foxes mate once per year. Peak of the mating season is in January. During that time, foxes produce screeching sounds that can be heard during the night and in the early hours.
Pregnancy lasts 53 days and it ends with 3 to 6 pups. They are unable to see, hear or walk in the first couple of days of their life and depend completely on their mother.
When babies grow enough to be able to eat meat, mother starts to vomit swallowed food to feed her pups.
Fox live up to 3 years in the wild and up to 10 years in captivity.

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