Grasshopper Facts

Grasshopper Facts
Grasshopper is an insect that belongs to the order Orthoptera. There are over 11 000 species of grasshoppers that can be found worldwide. They can survive in different climates and in numerous habitats. Grasshoppers can be found in the temperate forests, tropical rainforests, meadows, areas near the ponds and streams, rocky areas and even deserts. Grasshoppers are symbols of luck in Japan. Certain species of grasshoppers are endangered due to habitat loss (as a result of increased agriculture and urban development).
Interesting Grasshopper Facts:
Size of grasshopper depends on the species. Smallest grasshoppers are only 0.5 inches long. Larger species can grow to 5 inches in length. Females are longer than males.
Color of the body provides camouflage and it depends on the habitat. Grasshopper can be green, brown, grayish and ochre in color.
Grasshoppers have a pair of antennas on the head. They serve as sensory organ which detects various stimuli from the environment.
Grasshopper has an eardrum on the abdomen. Grasshopper can detect rhythm and intensity, but it cannot hear pitch of a sound.
Grasshopper has long hind legs that are designed for jumping. String-like structure (located in knee) acts like a catapult which sends grasshopper 10 inches high in the air. Grasshopper can travel a distance that is 200 times longer than the body in a single jump.
Front legs of grasshopper are much shorter than hind legs. They are used for walking and feeding.
Grasshoppers have wings that are used for flying. Grasshoppers occasionally gather in larger groups (grasshoppers are then called locusts), that migrate together toward the better sources of food. During the migration, grasshopper can remain in the air (without landing) three days.
Grasshoppers are active during the day (diurnal animals). They need to increase their body temperature with the help of sun, before they become ready to start a day. Grasshoppers are taking rest during the night.
Diet of grasshoppers is based on various plants. They prefer different types of grass and flowering plants. Grasshoppers have big appetite. Daily intake of food overcomes grasshopper's body weight two times.
Swarm of grasshoppers can induce significant damage to the crops. Grasshoppers destroy crops worth of billions of dollars each year.
Main predators of grasshoppers are monkeys, birds, lizards, snakes, rodents and large insects. Grasshoppers are consumed as delicacy in various parts of the world.
Grasshoppers are very old organisms. They exist on the planet at least 200 million years.
Grasshoppers produce songs by rubbing their legs with wings. Songs are used to attract females.

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