Grey partridge Facts

Grey partridge Facts
Grey partridge is a bird that belongs to the pheasant family. There are 8 subspecies of grey partridge that originate from temperate areas of Europe, Middle East, Africa and Asia. Partridge is popular game bird. Thanks to popularity of game shooting, grey partridge can be found around the world today. Grey partridge inhabits open field, grasslands and hedgerows. Number of grey partridge in Britain has dropped for 50% in the previous century due to habitat destruction and pollution of the ground. In other parts of the world, population of grey partridges is large and stable.
Interesting Grey partridge Facts:
Grey partridge can reach 11.8 to 13 inches in length and 13.6 to 17.6 ounces of weight.
Grey partridge is multicolored. Dorsal side of the body is brown, lateral sides are grey, face and throat are orange-colored and belly is white. Unlike females, males have brown horseshoe mark on the belly.
Grey partridge has small head with green bill and rounded body with grey legs.
Grey partridge has wingspan of 20.9 to 22 inches and it often flies close to the ground. Short, rounded wings produce whirring noise during the flight.
Even though grey partridge is strong flier, it spends most of its life on the ground (ground dwelling bird).
Grey partridge is diurnal bird (active during the day).
Diet of grey partridge depends on the age. Young birds eat insects such as beetles and aphids. Adults feed on seed, cereals, grass and shoots.
Main predators of grey partridges are foxes, dogs, crows, stoats and magpies.
Threatened grey partridge will try to fly away from a danger. It produces high-pitched "rick-rick-rick" calls when threatened.
Grey partridge is sedentary bird (does not migrate during the cold periods of the year).
Grey partridge live in pairs during the most part of the years. Family groups called "coveys" composed of adult pair and their offspring are typically seen during the winter.
Mating season takes place from April to September. Grey partridges are monogamous birds (one pair mates for a lifetime).
Female nests on the ground. She uses scrapes or depressions in the ground (usually near the hedges that serve as cover) and surround them with grass and leaves. Unlike most other birds, female produces only one clutch of eggs per year, but it is extremely large-composed of up to 22 eggs (usually 16 to 18). Eggs hatch after incubation period of 23 to 25 days.
Young birds can leave the nest as soon as they hatch (precocial). Both parents take care of their offspring and guide them toward the fields where they can find plenty of insects (basic food for hatchlings). Young birds can fly at the age of 16 to 20 days. Grey partridges reach sexual maturity at the age of one year.
Grey partridge can survive 3 years in the wild.

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