Horse Facts

Horse Facts
Horse is large ungulate that belongs to the family of horses. Wild horse has been domesticated 5.000 years ago in central Asia. There are more than 300 different breeds and 60 million horses in the world today that are used as working animals (to pull the ploughs in the field and transport heavy loads), for racing, competitions and shows or for recreation. Only in the USA, 4.6 million Americans work in the industry of horses that earns 39 billion dollars per year. Przewalski's horse is the only remaining species of wild horse today. It can be found in Mongolia, but it is extremely rare (classified as endangered).
Interesting Horse Facts:
Horse can reach 56 to 72 inches in height and 840 to 2200 pounds of weight.
Horse has short shiny coat that can be white, yellowish, light or dark brown, reddish or black colored, plain or covered with various markings.
Horse has excellent sense of hearing thanks to its erect ears that can move in all directions. It also has excellent sense of smell. Horse curls its upper lip when it detects new smell to direct it toward the olfactory organ located at the end of the nasal passages.
Horse has the biggest eyes of all land mammals and visual field of nearly 360 degrees.
Horse is very intelligent animal with excellent memory. It uses its ears, eyes and nostrils to express its mood.
Horse is active during the day. It can sleep both in the standing and lying position.
Horse is a herbivore. Its diet is based mostly on alfalfa and various grains.
An average galloping speed of horse is 25 to 30 miles per hour. Fastest ever recorded gallop was 55 miles per hour.
Horse is used in therapy of various mental disorders due to ability to improve psychological state of people with its calm nature and beauty.
Horse plays important role in the police. Mounted police first appeared in London in the 17th century and this practice soon became popular in the USA and Australia. Horses are also used by park rangers, game wardens and in the search-and-rescue organizations.
Horse can easily regain its wild nature when it returns to the wild. Populations of feral horses can be found all over the world today (the most popular are mustangs in North America).
Horses communicate via whinnying and neighing sounds, loud roars, snorts and deep smooth sounds.
Pregnancy in horse lasts 11 months and ends with single baby (foal) that is able to run shortly after birth. Foal is fully weaned at the age of 4 to 6 months. Young horse attains adult size at the age of 5 years.
Horse can successfully mate with donkey (to create mule and hinny) and zebra (to create zonkey and hebras).
Horse has an average lifespan of 25 years.

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