Moor frog Facts

Moor frog Facts
Moor frog is species of amphibian that belongs to the family of true frogs. It can be found in Europe and Asia. Moor frog inhabit swamps, meadows, fields, steppes, forests, semi-deserts and gardens. Major threats for the survival of these frogs are habitat destruction (due to urbanization and intense grazing) and pollution of the water and soil. Luckily, moor frogs are very adaptable and able to cope with changes in their environment. Thanks to this ability, moor frogs are widespread and numerous in the wild (they are not on the list of endangered species).
Interesting Moor frog Facts:
Moor frog can reach up to 2.8 inches in length.
Moor frog has smooth, reddish-brown, or sometimes olive, grey or yellowish skin with dark spots on the back and lateral sides of the body. It has single pale stripe that runs centrally on the back. Belly is white or yellow-colored, without any marks. Black, bandit-like mask stretches from nose to ears.
Moor frog has slim body, forked tongue, horizontal pupils, short hind legs and partially webbed feet.
Moor frog is equally well adapted to the life in the water and on the solid ground (semi-aquatic species).
Scientific name of moor frog is "Rana arvalis". It means "frog of the field" and it refers to the favorite habitat of this species. Moor frog is also known as "Altai brown frog" since certain populations of moor frogs inhabit Altai mountain in Asia.
Moor frog is a carnivore (meat-eater). Its diet is based on insects (aquatic beetles) and slugs.
When moor frog detects danger, it will try to jump away from potential predator and hide in the grass or in the soil.
Natural enemies of adult moor frogs are beavers, while insects such as dragonflies and hawkers hunt and eat tadpoles.
Moor frogs hibernate during the winter. In the warmer areas, hibernation lasts from November to February, while in the colder areas it lasts from September to June.
Mating season of moor frogs takes place during the spring (from March to June). Males become bluish-colored to facilitate identification of potential mating partners (brown-colored females).
Males attract females via loud "waugh, waugh" calls, which resemble the sound that empty bottle produces when placed in the water.
Spawning lasts 3 to 28 days. Females lay one or two sets of 1.000 to 3.000 eggs in the shallow, warm water.
Tadpoles feed on algae and small aquatic invertebrates. They complete their transformation into froglets (young frogs) from June to October (depending on the location and temperature). Slowly transforming tadpoles often die before they complete metamorphosis due to drying of the pools.
Young moor frogs reach sexual maturity at the age of 2 to 5 years.
Moor frogs can survive up to 11 years in the wild.

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