Pig Facts

Pig Facts
Pig is an even-toed ungulate that belongs to the family of pigs. Domestic pig is a subspecies of wild boar. It has been domesticated 13.000 to 12.700 years BC in the Near East. Separate domestication of pig took place in China 8.000 years ago. There are more than 500 types of pigs and 2 billion pigs around the world today. They are kept on the farms mostly as a source of meat (better known as pork), skin, bristles and bones. Some types of pigs, especially miniature varieties are kept as pets.
Interesting Pig Facts:
Pig can reach 35 to 71 inches in length and 110 to 770 pounds of weight.
Pig has thick, pinkish to brownish skin covered with sparse hair.
Pig has large head, elongated snout, small eyes, triangular ears, large body and short stubby legs.
Pig has large, round disk of cartilage on top of the snout which is flexible and strong at the same time. It is used for digging of soil in search for food. Pig has excellent sense of smell which is highly appreciated in some parts of Europe, where this animal is trained for search of truffles (type of expensive and rare mushroom that grows under the ground).
Pig has 44 teeth. Canine teeth in males are transformed into large tusks.
Pig is an omnivore. It likes to eat different types of vegetables, fruits, bugs, fungi and roots.
Pig is very intelligent and curious animal. According to some studies, pigs are smarter than 3-years-old kids and dogs.
Pig is very clean animal. It has special areas for peeing/defecation, which are away from areas for sleeping and eating. Even newly born pigs use these "toilets".
Pig wallows in the water or mud to prevent overheating, damaging effects of the sun and to remove parasites from the body.
Pigs are social creatures. They create close bonds with other members of the group and keep physical contact even during the night (neighbors are "connected" via noses). Pigs dream just like humans.
Despite its size, pig can reach the speed of 11 miles per hour.
Pigs use 20 different sounds to express their feelings. They are best known for squeals, oinks and grunting noise.
Pigs are peaceful animals, except during the nursing period. Females reach sexual maturity at the age of 3 to 12 months and give birth to 6 to 12 babies (piglets) after pregnancy of 112 to 120 days. Piglets can easily recognize and instantly respond to the sound of the voice of their mother.
Pigs are often used in medical experiments because of their organs which are very similar (in size and anatomy) with human's organs. Pig's insulin can be used as a substitute for human insulin in treatment of diabetes.
Pig has an average lifespan of 6 to 10 years.

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