Visayan warty pig Facts

Visayan warty pig Facts
Visayan warty pig is a type of wild pig that can be found only on two islands of the Philippines: Panay and Negros. It inhabits dense tropical forests and grasslands. 95% of habitats of Visayan warty pig are destroyed as a result of intense deforestation and urbanization of the Philippines. Besides habitat loss, farmers persecute Visayan warty pig to protect their crops. Visayan warty pig can interbreed with domestic pig, which additionally decreases number of genetically pure Visayan warty pigs in the wild. Visayan warty pig is listed as critically endangered.
Interesting Visayan warty pig Facts:
Visayan warty pig can reach 39 inches in length and 44 to 88 pounds of weight. Males are much larger than females.
Body of Visayan warty pig is dark grey colored with tuft of dark brown or black hair on top of the head. Female are covered with dark bristles, and males with light brown or silver bristles. Both males and females have white stripe that stretches horizontally across the nose.
Visayan warty pig has elongated head with sharp tusks (modified canine teeth), small eyes and disc-shaped snout. It has cylindrical body and short legs.
Males have 3 pairs of warts on the face. They protect eyes and face from the tusks of other males during the fights.
Visayan warty pig is active in the evening (crepuscular) and during the night (nocturnal).
Visayan warty pig is an omnivore (it eats plants and meat). Its diet is based on the roots, tubers, fruit, leaves and earthworms.
Visayan warty pigs live in family groups called sounders. They are composed of adult male (boar), few females (sows) and their offspring. Visayan warty pigs are not territorial. Different groups often share areas that provide enough food and water.
Visayan warty pigs communicate via squeaks, grunts and short, high-pitched sounds.
Males develop up to 9 inches long hairs (mane) on their backs during the breeding season. Erect mane creates impression of much bigger body size (that is used to intimidate male's competitors).
Females produce offspring every 8 to 12 months. Pregnancy lasts 118 days and ends with 2 to 4 piglets. Babies are born during the dry season, from January to March.
Babies are covered with alternately arranged brown, tan and black stripes. Unusual coloration of the body provides camouflage. Youngsters attain adult coloration at the age of one year.
Young Visayan pigs include solid food in their diet at the age of one week, but they depend on the mother's milk until the age of 6 months.
Visayan warty pigs reach sexual maturity at the age of 2 to 3 years in the wild and at the age of 12 months in the captivity.
Captive Visayan warty pigs are very playful and curious and they like to wallow in the mud.
Visayan warty pig can survive from 10 to 15 years in the wild.

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