Pablo Picasso Facts

Pablo Picasso Facts
Pablo Picasso was a Spanish artist, co-founder of the Cubist movement, and one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. He was born Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruiz y Picasso on October 25th, 1881, in Málaga, Spain. His parents were Maria Picasso y Lopez, and his father was Don Jose Ruiz y Blasco, a middle-class couple. His father was an artist and professor, and Pablo developed a passion for art at an early age. When Pablo was 14 his family moved to Barcelona, Spain and he was quickly accepted in a prestigious art school, despite his young age. He moved to Paris in 1900 and began his life as an artist. He created his first Cubist painting in 1907 - "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon'.
Interesting Pablo Picasso Facts:
Pablo Picasso's full name has 23 words, because his parents named him after a variety of relatives and saints.
Pablo Picasso's first word was 'piz'. N Spanish 'lapiz' means 'pencil.
When Pablo was only seven, his father who was an artist, vowed that he would have to give up panting because his son was already better than him.
Pablo Picasso's first painting as a child was 'Le picador' - a man on a horse in a bullfight. He was nine when he painted it in 1890.
Pablo Picasso's first contract as an artist came in Paris. An art dealer named Pete Menach paid him 150 francs a month.
In 1911 the 'Mona Lisa' was stolen from the Louvre Museum in Paris. The police suspected Pablo Picasso but let him go after questioning. The real thief was discovered two years later.
In 1907 Pablo Picasso painted his first Cubist painting. Together with George Braque, another painter at the time, they founded the Cubist movement and became known as co-founders.
Cubist paintings involve breaking apart objects and reassembling them in an abstract form while highlighting geometrical shapes with multiple points of view, creating a type of collage.
Within the Cubist period Picasso focused on art inspired by African artefacts (Picasso's African Period 1907-1909), Analytic Cubism (1909-1912), Synthetic Cubism, and Crystal Cubism (1915-1917).
In 1918 Pablo Picasso married Olga Khokhlova, a ballerina. They had a son Paulo.
In 1927 Pablo Picasso began a love affair with a 17-year old Marie-Therese, and his marriage ended. He had a daughter named Maya with Marie-Therese but never married her.
Pablo Picasso also had two children with Francoise Gilot - Claude, and Paloma. He didn't marry her either.
Picasso's career and reputation grew and his wealth did as well. He had villas and France and his work was known around the world.
Picasso's most famous Surrealist painting, which he completed in 1937, was 'Guernica'. It is an anti-war painting and considered one of the greatest paintings of all time.
Pablo's most famous paintings include 'Women of Algiers' (sold for $179 million), 'Dora Maar au Chat' (sold for $95 million), and 'Garcon a la pipe' (sold for $104 million).
Many of Picasso's paintings and other art are on display around the world at museums.
Pablo Picasso married Jacqueline Roque in 1961. They stayed married until Picasso's death.
Pablo Picasso died at the age of 91, on April 8th, 1973.


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