Andrew Jackson Facts

Andrew Jackson Facts
Andrew Jackson was the seventh United States President. He was born on March 15th, 1767 to Andrew and Elizabeth Jackson, immigrants from Ireland who arrived in the United States two years earlier. Andrew Jackson's father died in an accident only three weeks before he was born. Andrew had two older brothers. He grew up in the Waxhaws region lying on the border of North and South Carolina. At 13, during the American Revolutionary War, Andrew Jackson joined a local militia. Both of his brothers and his mother died by the time he was 14. He was then raised by his uncles. He studied law, and became a lawyer 1787.
Interesting Andrew Jackson Facts:
Andrew Jackson became Tennessee's first representative in the U.S. House of Representative.
In 1798 Andrew Jackson became a judge in the Tennessee Supreme Court. He served in the position until 1804.
Andrew Jackson was a busy man. He was a lawyer, politician, judge, landowner and merchant.
In 1801 Andrew Jackson was appointed to be the commander of the Tennessee militia.
During the War of 1812 Andrew Jackson led his troops to battle against the Creek Indians. The battle at Horseshoe Bend ended in victory for Andrew Jackson. Approximately 800 warriors were killed and they secured 20 million acres of land. He was then appointed major general.
On January 8th, 1815 he led 5,000 soldiers in New Orleans and defeated 7,500 British soldiers. For this victory he received a gold medal and was named a national hero.
Andrew Jackson was referred to as being ‘as tough as old hickory wood' by his soldiers. He got the nickname ‘Old Hickory' because of this.
In 1817 Andrew Jackson and his soldiers defeated the Spanish in Pensacola, Florida. When Spain relinquished Florida to the U.S. in 1821 via the Adams-Onis Treaty Andrew Jackson was names Florida's military governor.
In 1824 Andrew Jackson lost the presidential election to John Adams.
In 1828 Andrew Jackson won the presidential election, making him the seventh United States president.
Andrew Jackson became known as the ‘people's president' because he believed that the people should have the right to elect their president, and he abolished the electoral college.
In 1832 Andrew Jackson was re-elected as United States president.
Andrew Jackson married Rachel Donelson in 1788; she was not officially divorced at the time.
Rachel Donelson died two months before Andrew became President of the United States. She died of a heart attack and was buried on Christmas Eve.
Andrew and Rachel had three sons; two were Indian orphans and one was the son of Rachel's brother Severn Donelson.
Andrew Jackson has been blamed by historians for the Trail of Tears, the forceful westward movement of 15,000 Cherokee Indians.
Andrew Jackson owned slaves at one time and they worked on his plantation.
Andrew Jackson died on June 8th, 1845. He was 78 years old. He died of lead poisoning that was the result of two bullets that had been in his chest for many years.
In the election of 1828, the town of Adams, New Hampshire changed its name to Jackson, in honor of Andrew Jackson and his win.


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