Niccolo Machiavelli Facts

Niccolo Machiavelli Facts
Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian playwright, poet, politician and philosopher of the Renaissance. He was born Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli on May 3, 1469, in Florence, Italy, to Bernardo di Niccolo Machiavelli and Bertolomea di Stefano Nelli. He had one brother and one sister. Niccolo was educated in Latin, rhetoric and grammar but did not learn Greek. He was appointed to the office of second chancery shortly after the republic was restored. He soon became the secretary of the Dieci di Liberta e Pace and carried out many diplomatic missions. As a result of his political work throughout his lifetime Niccolo Machiavelli eventually became known as the father of modern political science.
Interesting Niccolo Machiavelli Facts:
Niccolo Machiavelli worked under a banker from 1487 to 1495.
In addition to being a politician, diplomat, and being involved in military affairs, Niccolo also wrote poetry, comedies, and carnival songs.
While working as a chancellor for Florence Niccolo Machiavelli conducted 23 diplomatic missions.
While working as chancellor, Niccolo was responsible for carrying out the policy decisions, as well as writing diplomatic letters to various states and reading and writing reports.
In 1502 Niccolo Machiavelli married Marietta Corsini. Together they had two daughters and four sons. Niccolo's grandson Giovanni Ricci saved most of his letters.
In 1513 Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince, which became his most famous work, during a time when he had been exiled from the affairs of city politics.
In The Prince, Niccolo Machiavelli described unscrupulous politicians very famously. As a result, the term 'Machiavellianism' has become used as a way to describe such politicians negatively.
Niccolo Machiavelli considered the killing of innocents and dishonesty to be normal in politics and even effective to the point that he encouraged it in some cases.
Machiavellian is a term still used today that is often associated with devious and deceitful behavior in politics.
Some commentators have suggested that Niccolo Machiavelli's writings inspired modern democratic political philosophy Enlightenment aspects.
Niccolo Machiavelli is said to have admired Cincinnatus for being a selfless Roman dictator.
Niccolo Machiavelli tried to organize a militia against the Medici family, but when he failed in 1512, he was tortured and banished from active politics.
Niccolo wanted to remain active in politics so he participated in intellectual groups in Florence and wrote plays that became popular during his lifetime.
Pope Clement VIII condemned Niccolo Machiavelli's book The Prince.
Niccolo Machiavelli also wrote the satire book titled The Mandrake, and The Art of War treaties.
The monarchs spited Niccolo Machiavelli because he believed in democracy.
Niccolo Machiavelli believed that religion was created by man but that it was useful in maintaining public order.
The Italian Communist Antonio Gramsci, of the 20th century, was highly inspired by Niccolo Machiavelli in terms of how morals and ethics relate to the State and how controlling popular notions of morality can lead to manipulating a society.
Niccolo Machiavelli died at the age of 58, in 1527 and was buried in Florence, Italy, at the Church of Santa Croce.


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