Ocean Biome Facts

Ocean Biome Facts
There are five ocean biomes - Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean. Almost seventy-one percent of the Earth is covered by ocean. Some believe that the ocean biome is in fact the oldest of all biomes. Majority of the animals and plants that reside in the ocean biome exist in areas of the ocean that are rarely visited by people.
Interesting Ocean Biome Facts:
The ocean is made of saltwater. This salt comes from the rocks on land that gets swept into the ocean.
There is about one cup of salt for every gallon of water in the ocean.
At 36, 200 feet deep, the Mariana Trench is the deepest part of the ocean biome.
The largest ocean of the ocean biomes is the Pacific Ocean.
Although the temperatures of the oceans can vary, the average temperature of any ocean is 39° F
Ocean water is constantly moving. Cold water is moving in from the poles while warm water is moving in from the tropics.
The ocean biome is home to the largest known mammal of the world - the blue whale.
The ocean biome contains coral reef which is actually its own separate biome.
Humans have only explored about 10% of the ocean biome.
Oceans can be divided into three different zones which are distinguished based on the amount of sunlight they receive.
Some animals that live in the semi-dark part of the ocean known as the twilight zone can make their own light through a process called bioluminescence.
Ninety percent of the ocean is completely dark and receives no sunlight. This zone is known as the midnight zone.
Protein is very essential to the human diet and the majority of our protein comes from the consumption of fish from the ocean.
Majority of volcanic activity occurs under water in the ocean.
The ocean is more salty in tropical areas because the Sun evaporates more of the water there leaving more salt in the ocean.

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