Biochemistry Facts

Biochemistry Facts
Biochemistry derives its name from the words "biology" and "chemistry," and as such is interchangeably referred to as biological chemistry. It's a field of science that pertains to the chemical processes that take place inside a living organism, as well as those that relate to living things.
Interesting Biochemistry Facts:
The origin of biochemistry may have first occurred when Anselme Payen discovered the enzyme in 1833, and the field of study is often attributed to Payen's research.
The enzyme, then called diastase but now known as amylase, was the first proof that chemical reactions take place within the bodies of living things.
The first experiment in modern-day biochemistry may have been the process by which Friedrich Wohler synthesized urea from inorganic compounds.
Eduard Buchner contributed to further understanding of the chemical reactions of living things in 1896 when he experimented with alcohol fermentation in relation to cell extracts in yeast.
Since those early experiments, research into various areas of biochemistry has yielded our understanding of cellular reproduction, genes and heredity, the mapping of the human genome, and so much more.
Biochemistry plays an important role in the field of forensic science, allowing criminal investigators to seek out criminal based on DNA evidence; the first person convicted of a crime through DNA evidence didn't take place until 1988.
Although there are ninety-two naturally occurring elements, only about twenty-four of them are necessary to living things. Most of the incredibly rare or non-naturally occurring elements are obviously not important to biological life.
Through biochemistry, scientists have been able to determine that ninety-nine percent of the human body's mass is made up of only six elements: hydrogen, carbon, calcium, nitrogen, oxygen, and phosphorus.
Biochemistry largely deals with the four main classes of molecules that are present in living things: carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids.
These are often referred to as biomolecules and are made up of polymers formed by monomers that have linked together through dehydration synthesis.
Biochemistry plays an important role in other biological sciences, including genetics, molecular biology, biophysics, and chemical biology.
New applications are being studied that utilize biochemistry techniques for the pharmaceutical industry, gene therapy, gene suppression, and more.

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