Columbus Day Facts

Columbus Day Facts
Christopher Columbus landed in Bahamas, part of the Americas, on October 12th, 1494. Columbus Day is meant to celebrate this arrival. Christopher Columbus was an Italian sailor, born in Genoa, Italy in 1451. He sailed with three ships and 90 crew members on the voyage that landed him in the Bahamas. Unofficially, Columbus Day has been celebrated in the U.S. since the late 1700s, but did not become an official holiday anywhere until 1906, when it became state holiday in Colorado. It became a federal holiday in 1934 in the United States. In 1971 it became a fixed holiday, celebrated on the second Monday in October. Columbus Day is also celebrated in different countries including: Latin America, the Bahamas, Spain, Argentina, Belize and Uruguay. These countries have different names for the holiday but they all celebrate the same event.
Interesting Columbus Day Facts:
Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 in Genoa, Italy. He began sailing when he was only 15 years old.
When he set sail for the expedition, he was given three ships by the city of Palos.
He set sail in August of 1492. It was 35 days before a sailor spotted land.
The names of the three ships were the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria.
His crew consisted of 90 men.
The goal of the expedition was to chart a western sea route to India and China, as well as to the islands in Asia with spices and gold.
When Christopher Columbus landed in the Bahamas in 1492, he was the first European since the 10th century to have the opportunity to explore the Americas.
The Santa Maria did not make the return trip to Spain because it ran aground on Christmas Day. 40 men had to stay behind because there was no room on the other two ships. They stayed behind on the island Hispaniola.
Christopher Columbus made the voyage to the New World three times.
He died when he was 55, in 1506, only two years after his last trip to the New World.
Nobody is sure where he is buried as he was reburied many times in different places around the world.
Nobody is sure what he looked like, as there are no portraits known to exist.
President Roosevelt made Columbus Day a national holiday in 1934.
In 1971, the date October 12th no longer marked the holiday. It was changed to the second Monday in October. This is also the Canadian Thanksgiving, which was fixed in 1959).
South Dakota, Alaska and Hawaii do not recognize Columbus Day.
In Latin America they call this day Día de la Raza; in the Bahamas they call it Discovery Day; in Spain they call it Fiesta Nacional and Día de la Hispanidad; in Argentina they call it Día del Respeto a la Diversidad Cultural; in Belize they call it Day of the Americas, and in Uruguay they call it Day of the Americas.
In Puerto Rico, Columbus Day is celebrated along with Puerto Rico Friendship Day.
In Virginia, Columbus Day is celebrated along with Yorktown Victory Day.
Because Christopher Columbus was Italian, Italian-Americans celebrate Columbus Day as a celebration of their heritage.
Depending on where you live in the United States, you may see parades to celebrate the holiday. In most states, the children have the day off school.
New York City has the largest parade.

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