Jackie Robinson Day Facts

Jackie Robinson Day Facts
Jackie Robinson Day is observed on April 15th each year by Major League Baseball at various ballparks around the United States in honor of Jackie Robinson's major league debut on that day in 1947. Jackie Robinson was the first African-American major league baseball player, and his position with Brooklyn Dodgers brought an end to segregation in baseball in the United States that had lasted approximately 80 years. The first Jackie Robinson Day was observed on April 15th, 2004. Jackie Robinson was won Rookie of the Year in the first year he played in the major leagues.
Interesting Jackie Robinson Day Facts:
Jackie Robinson was born on January 31st, 1919 to Jerry and Mallie Robinson. He had four older siblings including Frank, Edgar, Matthew, and Willa Mae.
Jackie Robinson's name at birth was Jack Roosevelt Robinson. He was named after former United States President Theodore Roosevelt, who died only 25 days before Jackie was born.
Jackie Robinson grew up in Pasadena, California, in relative poverty.
In high school Jackie Robinson was an All-Star baseball player, accomplished tennis player, and his older brother Matthew (nicknamed Mack) won a silver medal in the 200 meter sprint in the 1936 summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany.
Jackie was drafted into the army, and although he became a second lieutenant he was arrested for refusing to sit at the back of a segregated bus.
After being acquitted Jackie Robinson served as an athletics coach in the army until being honorably discharged in 1944.
Jackie Robinson signed a contract to play baseball for the Kansas City Monarchs in 1945 in the Negro League.
In 1946 Jackie Robinson played for the Montreal Royals in Minor League Baseball and a year later he was called up the Major Leagues.
Jackie Robinson's debut in Major League Baseball occurred on April 15th, 1947 in Brooklyn, New York, at Ebbets Field.
In Jackie's first year he achieved a battling average of .297, and had 175 hits, 12 home runs, and 48 runs batted in, resulting in his award of Rookie of the Year for 1947.
Jackie Robinson's first year in the Major Leagues was not an easy one. IT was common for baseball fans to call racial slurs at him.
Between 1949 and 1954 Jackie Robinson was a six-time All-Star.
In 1950 a movie was released titled The Jackie Robinson Story, in which Jackie played himself.
Jackie Robinson went on speaking tours which earned him more money than his baseball contract.
During Jackie Robinson's career he played in a total of six World Series. His team won in 1955 when they played against the New York Yankees.
Jackie Robinson died in 1972 at the age of 53, in Stamford, Connecticut.
Jackie Robinson's number was 42. His jersey was retired in 1997 at Shea Stadium.
Jackie Robinson Day was announced by Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig with Jackie's daughter Sharon at his side in 2004.
Jackie Robinson Day is celebrated each year at stadiums across the United States.
In honor of Jackie Robinson players often wear jerseys with the number 42 on Jackie Robinson Day. By 2012 all coaches, umpires, and players wore Jackie's number on Jackie Robinson Day.

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