Sequoia National Park Facts

Sequoia National Park Facts
Sequoia National Park is one of two Californian national park managed together by the National Parks Service in the United States, referred to as Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks - the other is Kings Canyon National Park. Sequoia National Park is 404,064 acres in size and was established to help protect and preserve the giant Sequoia trees - most notably the General Sherman Tree - the world's most massive tree that stands at 275 feet. Sequoia National Park is located in the Sierra Nevada Mountains in California, directly south of Kings Canyon National Park.
Interesting Sequoia National Park Facts:
The first inhabitants known to have inhabited the area now designated as Sequoia National Park were the Monache Indians.
Much of the population of Native American people that lived in the region when the European settlers arrived was wiped out because of smallpox.
Sequoia National Park was the second national park established in the United States - in 1890. It was established to protect the region's giant trees from logging.
During the Second World War the government determined it would be beneficial to manage both Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks together. This has continued since.
The most massive tree in the world - the General Sherman Tree - is located in the Giant Forest in Sequoia National Park.
The majority of Sequoia National Park, much like Kings Canyon National Park, is only accessible on horseback or on foot.
84% of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks is designated as wilderness. Most of the parks land is not accessible by roadway.
The tallest mountain in the United States, Mt. Whitney, is located in Sequoia National Park.
Main trails and attractions in Sequoia National Park include Sherman Tree Trail (trail to Sherman Tree), Tunnel Log (tunnel cut through a fallen giant sequoia on a roadway), Tokopah Falls (waterfall at Tokopah Canyon), Crescent Meadow (meadow in the Giant Forest), Moro Rock (granite dome with cut out staircase to the top, located at the park's center), and Giant Forest Museum.
Sequoia National Park is home to a wide variety of wildlife, most of which are also found in Kings Canyon National Park. There are 200 bird species, 26 reptile species, 73 mammal species, 5 native fish species, and several of these species are on the endangered species list, threatened, or even extinct.
There is a tour in Sequoia National Park called the Trail of 100 Giants, which is a hike that takes visitors past the largest and oldest trees on the planet. Many of these trees are as old as 500 to 1500 years old.
Sequoia trees are naturally fire resistant. They have thick bark that can often protect them from burning down. If they do burn their nutrients are deposited directly into the ground to feed other trees.
Wildlife found within Sequoia National Park includes muskrats, beavers, coyotes, opossums, cougars, foxes, sheep, deer, badgers, black bears, woodpeckers, turtles, owls, roadrunners, frogs, wolverines, and snakes.
As many as 1.5 million people visit Sequoia National Park each year.
In 1976 Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks were designated by UNESCO as Sequoia-Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve.

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