Magnesium Facts

Magnesium Facts
Magnesium (Mg) is an alkaline earth metal with an atomic number of twelve and twelve protons in the nucleus. Humphry Davy isolated it from magnesia and mercuic oxide in 1808.
Interesting Magnesium Facts:
Magnesium is the eighth most abundant element in the Earth's crust.
It is the ninth most abundant element in the universe.
Magnesium is not found on Earth as a free element.
It is a fairly strong metal with a silvery-white color.
It has approximately two-thirds the density of aluminum, making it strong but lightweight.
It is isolated through the electrolysis of magnesium salts in seawater.
Magnesium is the eleventh most abundant element in the humand body by weight.
There are hundreds of enzymes in the body that need magnesium to function.
It is present in all cells in living organisms.
Plants also require magnesium, as it is the metallic ion in chlorophyll.
Magnesium is produced by large stars when they combine helium and neon.
Magnesium is present in over sixty minerals of Earth, but only a few of those are commercially valuable.
China controls eighty percent of the world's magnesium production.
High concentrations of magnesium in the water in Epsom, England, and its effect on injuries led to the discovery of Epsom salts.
Magnesium is the third most often used metal, after iron and aluminum.
Its main function in fabrication is to be combined with aluminum to form alloys.
A fully grown human body contains about 24 grams of magnesium.
In the body, 60% is found in the skeleton, 39% is found in the muscle cells, and 1% extracellular.
Of the intracellular magnesium, twenty percent of that amount is found in the skeletal muscle cells alone.
Magnesium in its compound form has a number of medical uses, including as a laxative and as an aid for injured skin or muscles.

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