Rutherfordium Facts

Rutherfordium Facts
Rutherfordium (Rf) has an atomic number of 104, and has 104 protons in the nucleus. It is classified as metallic due to its position in the d-block on the periodic table, but its appearance is unknown.
Interesting Rutherfordium Facts:
Rutherfordium was discovered by a team of researchers working at the Nuclear Institute in Dubna, Soviet Union.
Although the Dubna team claimed discovery in 1964, an independent team at Berkley also claimed discovery in 1969.
Despite the dispute over who is responsible for the discovery, the IUPAC gave credit to the Berkley team and therefore designated their name for the element.
It was named after Ernest Rutherford, the chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics.
As a synthetic element, rutherfordium can be synthesized in a lab, but is not naturally occurring on Earth.
Therefore, there are no known commercial uses for rutherforidum, as it cannot be mined and its sample sizes are so small.
There are no stable or naturally occurring isotope of rutherfordium, although several radioactive isotopes have been created.
The synthesis of these radioactive isotopes occurs from the fusing of two atoms or by decay of other elements.
Fifteen radioactive isotopes have been isolated.
Rutherfordium has a number of chemical properties similar to those of hafnium.
It is in the 6d-series for the transition metals, and is the first of the transactinide elements.
If enough of a sample had been synthesized to accurately observe it, rutherfordium is expected to be a solid under normal conditions.
Rutherfordium is believed to have a very stable, high melting point oxide state.
In their attempts to reprove their claims on the discovery of the element, the Dubna team isolated the gaseous phase of rutherfordium.
More recent experiments on the gaseous and aqueous phases have been more conclusive.

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