Sulfur Facts

Sulfur Facts
Sulfur (S) is a bright yellow non-metallic element with an atomic number of sixteen. It is a naturally occurring element, but can also be extracted from common minerals.
Interesting Sulfur Facts:
Sulfur has been in use since ancient times and is mentioned in the Bible and the Torah.
Its name comes from the Sanskrit word "sulvere."
One allotrope of sulfur was in used in China as long ago as the sixth century BC.
Sulfur can serve as either an oxidant or as a reducing agent.
Sulfur occurs naturally as an element but can also be found in a number of compounds and minerals.
It is vital for living organisms.
The yellowish color of Jupiter's moon Io is due to sulfur in a variety of states and forms.
Sulfur is created inside large stars at extreme temperatures when a nucleus of helium fuses with a nucleus of silicon.
Sulfur is also present in many meteorites.
Sulfur is often found on Earth near the edges of volcanoes and hot springs.
Even though sulfur has been in use for millenia, Antoine Lavoisier is the one who convinced the scientific community that sulfur was an element in 1777.
Sulfur is thought to be the seventh most common element in the human body.
A 150-pound human has about 140 g of sulfur in his body.
In both plants and animals, sulfur is necessary for building amino acids for the formation of proteins, enzymes, and more.
Several typical vitamins contain sulfur, including biotin and thiamine.
The Sulfur Cycle was the first biogeochemical cycle to be discovered.
In the Sulfur Cycle, bacteria feed on sulfur and in turn oxidize an inorganic compound.
Sulfur is non-toxic, but its compounds sulfurous acid and sulfuric acid are found in acid rain.
In its form hydrogen sulfide, however, it can cause death through respiratory failure.
Sulfur dioxide is found in air pollution at atmospheric levels and in acid rain.

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