Tin Facts

Tin Facts
Tin (Sn) has an atomic number of fifty, and fifty protons in the nucleus. It is typically a silvery white color and is highly malleable.
Interesting Tin Facts:
Tin has been in use by ancient civilizations for thousands of years.
Its presence as a metal is mentioned in the Old Testament.
The symbol for tin comes from the Latin word stannum, which was known to be an alloy of lead and silver.
It is the 49th most common element in the Earth's crust.
The crust contains around two parts per million of tin.
Early craftsmen found tin too soft to work with, but when it was alloyed with copper, bronze was formed.
The earliest artifacts made from bronze had such a low tin content (less than 2%) that it is believed to have been accidental.
Pewter, another alloy made of mostly tin with copper and lead, came into use shortly after the Bronze Age.
Tin does not corrode in water.
"Tin cry" is the cracking sound that tin makes when it is bent, due to the twinning of its highly crystalline structure.
Tin has a fairly low melting point of 232 degrees Celsius, or about 450 degrees Fahrenheit.
There are two allotropes of tin, gray tin and white tin, each with very different properties at and above room temperature.
White tin is very malleable and stable close to room temperature.
Gray tin is stable below fifty degrees Fahrenheit and is very brittle at that temperature.
"Tin pest" is the condition in which white tin suddenly transforms into gray tin at very cold temperatures.
Tin was one of the first materials ever researched for its superconductor properties.
Tin has more stable isotopes than any other element.
Of tin's ten stable isotopes, almost all tin is found to be either Sn-120, Sn-118, or Sn-116.
Three other isotopes, Sn-119, Sn-117, and Sn-115, are the easiest of all of the elements to detect through spectroscopy.
Tin has twenty-eight unstable isotopes, with the most stable possessing a half-life of 230,000 years.

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