Titanium Facts

Titanium Facts
Titanium (Ti) is one of the transition metals and has an atomic number of twenty-two. It has a shiny silver color and resists corroding well.
Interesting Titanium Facts:
Titanium was discovered in 1791 by William Gregor, but was named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth.
A pure sample of titanium was not isolated until 1910 due to its ability to easily bond with other elements.
Found in a wide variety of minerals, titanium is also found in every living thing.
It also occurs in rocks, soils, and all bodies of water.
Its most common compound is titanium dioxide.
Titanium's chief use is as an alloy with many different elements, including iron and aluminium.
Titanium is very resistant to corrosion and has a high strength-to-weight ratio.
Titanium can be as strong as steel, but with weights as much as 45% lighter than steel.
Titanium has five naturally occurring stable isotopes, with the most common being Ti-48.
Of titanium's eleven radioactive isotopes, seven of them have a half-life of less than 33 seconds.
Some of the radioisotopes have half-lives of less than half of one second.
Since it has a high melting point (higher than 3000 degrees F), titanium is often used as a refractory metal.
It is non-magnetic and is a very poor conductor of electricity.
The surface of titanium oxidizes immediately when exposed to air.
It is the ninth most prevalent element in the Earth's crust.
Titanium makes up less than one percent of the Earth's crust, at .63% by mass.
It is also the seventh most common metal on Earth.
Titanium does not occur naturally, but is always found bonded to another element.
Titanium played a key role in the Cold War, with both the US and the USSR stockpiling the metal and using it for military and defense.
Titanium is not poisonous and is not likely to be rejected by the body, so it is used in a variety of surgical implants and tools.
Titanium is being studied for the long-term (over 100,000 years) storage of nuclear waste since it is non-corrosive.

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