Vanadium Facts

Vanadium Facts
Vanadium (V) has an atomic number of twenty-three, and therefore has twenty-three protons in the nucleus. It is a bluish grey, silver metal.
Interesting Vanadium Facts:
Vanadium was discovered in 1801 by Spanish Mexican scientist Andres Manuel del Rio.
Del Rio was studying "brown lead," a native Mexican ore.
When another scientist challenged the existence of vanadium, del Rio backed down from claims of his discovery.
It was later rediscovered in 1831 by Nils Gabriel Sefstrom.
The name vanadium came from a Norse goddess, Vanadis, but was chosen because Sefstrom realized no other element started with the letter V.
Vanadium was almost renamed "rionium" after its original discoverer, but it was rejected.
Vanadium does not appear naturally in its elemental form, but is found in more than sixty-five minerals.
It is harder than most of the other elemental metals.
Vanadium has one stable isotope, V-51.
It also has one radioactive isotope, v-50.
Artificial radioisotopes of vanadium have been produced, with half-lives ranging from over three hundred days down to less than ten seconds.
98% of the world's vanadium is mined in three counties: South Africa, China, and Russia.
Vanadium is most often used as the ferrovanadium alloy and is used to improve steel.
85% of the vanadium extracted is used for ferrovanadium or steel.
Vanadium is more often found in oceanic animals than on land.
On land, rats and chickens require miniscule amounts of vanadium.

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