Charles-Augustin de Coulomb Facts

Charles-Augustin de Coulomb Facts
Charles Augustin de Coulomb (June 14, 1736 to August 23, 1806) was born in Angoulême in France. His parents were Henry Coulomb and Catherine Bajet, and he went to school in the Collège Mazarin in Paris, where his father lived.
Interesting Charles-Augustin de Coulomb Facts:
Coulomb graduated in November 1761 from École royale du génie de Mézières.
Over the next twenty years, he was involved in many things: engineering - structural, fortifications, soil mechanics, as well as many other fields of engineering.
His studies included philosophy, language, and literature.
He also received a very good education in mathematics, astronomy, chemistry, and botany.
His first posting was to Brest, but in February, 1764 he was sent to Martinique, in the West Indies, where he was put in charge of building the new Fort Bourbon. This task occupied him until June 1772.
He then began writing important works on applied mechanics and he presented his first work in 1773 to the Académie des Sciences in Paris.
In 1779, Coulomb was sent to Rochefort to collaborate with the Marquis de Montalembert in constructing a fort made entirely from wood near Ile d'Aix.
During his period at Rochefort, Coulomb continued his research into mechanics, in particular using the shipyards in Rochefort as laboratories for his experiments.
He first discovered an inverse relationship of the force between electric charges and the square of its distance and then the same relationship between the magnetic poles. Later these relationships were named Coulomb's law.
In 1781, he was stationed at Paris. On the outbreak of the Revolution in 1789, he resigned his appointment as intendant des eaux et fontaines and retired to a small estate which he owned in Blois.
He became one of the first members of the French National Institute, and then was appointed the inspector of public instruction in 1802.
Coulomb leaves his legacy as a pioneer in the field of geotechnical engineering for his contribution to retaining wall design. His name is one of the 72 names carved into the Eiffel Tower.
His health was already very weak, and four years later he died in Paris.


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