Claude Bernard Facts

Claude Bernard Facts
Claude Bernard (July 12, 1813 to February 10, 1878) was born in the village of Saint-Julien near Villefranche-sur-Saône.
Interesting Claude Bernard Facts:
Bernard was the first to define the term milieu intérieur, which is now known as homeostasis.
He received his early education in the Jesuit school of that Saint-Julien, and then proceeded to the college at Lyon, but he soon left to become assistant in a druggist's shop.
Despite growing up with a religious education, Bernard was not religious.
His free time was devoted to writing a vaudeville comedy, and after this success he was moved to attempt a prose drama in five acts, Arthur de Bretagne.
At the age of twenty-one in 1834, , he went to Paris, with his play and an introduction to Saint-Marc Girardin, but the critic dissuaded him from writing as a profession, and convinced him rather to take up the study of medicine.
Bernard followed this advice, and in due time he became interne at the Hôtel-Dieu de Paris.
In this way he was brought into contact with a great physiologist named François Magendie, who served as physician at the hospital. In 1841 Bernard became 'preparateur' or lab assistant at the Collège de France.
In 1845, Bernard married Marie Françoise "Fanny" Martin for money; the marriage was arranged by a colleague and he used her dowry helped finance his experiments.
He was appointed Magendie's deputy-professor at the college in 1847, and in 1855 he succeeded him as full professor.
His research field was considered inferior at the time, the laboratory that was assigned to him was simply a "regular cellar".
Some time before Bernard had been chosen to be the first occupant of the newly instituted chair of physiology at the Sorbonne, but no laboratory was provided for his use.
Louis Napoleon who, after an interview with him in 1864, repaired the deficiency, and built a laboratory at the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle in the Jardin des Plantes.
At the same time, Napoleon III established a professorship for Bernard which he accepted, leaving the Sorbonne.
In the same year, 1868, he was also admitted a member of the Académie française and elected to be a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
When he died on February 10, 1878, he was accorded a public funeral - an honor which had never before been bestowed by France on a man of science.


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