C.V. Raman Facts

C.V. Raman Facts
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (November 7, 1888 to November 21, 1970) is best known for his work in the field of light scattering. He discovered that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength, for which he received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930.
Interesting C.V. Raman Facts:
Raman attended school on a scholarship at the age 13.
In 1902, he joined the Presidency College in Madras where his father became a lecturer mathematics and physics.
He resigned from his position in the government after he was made the first Palit Professor of Physics at the University of Calcutta, continuing his research at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science.
In 1928 he was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Physics but lost to Owen Richardson.
He led experiments on the scattering of light and discovered what is now called the Raman effect.
He lost another Nobel Prize of Physics to Louis de Brogile in 1929.
Raman was president of the 16th session of the Indian Science Congress of 1929.
He was the first Asian and the first non-white person to receive any Nobel Prize in the sciences.
Despite his focus on the sciences, Raman is also known for his writings, for which he also received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.
Raman helped discover the quantum photon spin in 1932, which helped confirm the quantum nature of light.
He also studied the acoustics of musical instruments and worked out a theory to explain the acousto-optic effect; this effect made a profound impact on Carl Sagan, when he saw it demonstrated at the 1939 World's Fair.
In 1933, he joined the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore as its first Indian director, an ironic appointment considering the previously all-white British colonial government.
He started the Travancore Chemical and Manufacturing Co., Ltd., company in 1943, which manufactured potassium chlorate for the match industry.
In 1948 he began studying the spectroscopic behavior of crystals and developed approaches for a new manner of fundamental problems of crystal dynamics.
He also made contributions to the fields of human vision, the optics of colloids, and electrical and magnetic anisotropy.

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