Dorothy Hodgkin Facts

Dorothy Hodgkin Facts
Dorothy Mary Hodgkin, OM, FRS (12 May 1910 - 29 July 1994), known professionally as Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin or simply Dorothy Hodgkin, was a British biochemist.
Interesting Dorothy Hodgkin Facts:
She was born in Cairo, Egypt to archaeologists John and Grace Crowfoot.
Dorothy was in England at the age of four when World War I broke out.
She remained in England with relatives while her parents returned to their work in Egypt.
When she was eighteen she began studying chemistry at the University of Oxford.
She later studied for a Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge where she studied X-ray crystallography and the structure of proteins.
In 1933 Hodgkins was awarded a research fellowship by Somerville College, Oxford .
In 1936 she was appointed the College's first fellow and tutor in chemistry and held that post until 1977.
In the 1940's one of her students was Margaret Thatcher nee Roberts, the future Prime Minister of England.
In April 1953 she became one of the first people to see the model of the double helix structure of DNA constructed by Francis Crick and James Watson.
From 1960-1970 she was appointed the Royal Society's Wolfson Research Professor, a position that funded her salary and research.
Hodgkin's primary work was in the field of three-dimensional biomolecular structures.
In 1945 she published the first structure of a steroid, cholesteryl iodide and the discovered structure of penicillin.
In 1948 her created new crystals from Vitamin B12 and was awarded a Nobel Prize for this work.
Perhaps her most important work was with crystalline insulin, a research project that took 35 years to complete.
Hodgkin received many national and international awards for her work and was the second woman to receive the Order in Merit after Florence Nightingale.
She was the first woman to receive the Copley Medal,was a Fellow of the Royal Society and winner of the Lenin Peace Prize.
She was Chancellor of Bristol University from 1970 to 1988.


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