Elizabeth Blackwell Facts

Elizabeth Blackwell Facts
Elizabeth Blackwell (3 February 1821 to 31 May 1910) was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States and the first woman to graduate from medical school.
Interesting Elizabeth Blackwell Facts:
Blackwell was born in Bristol, Gloucestershire England, the third of nine children.
Elizabeth's father, Samuel Blackwell believed strongly in education for all of his children and believed they should all be encouraged to develop their unique talents.
In 1830 Bristol experienced political upheavel and riots so the Blackwell family moved to New York.
On August 7, 1838 Samuel Blackwell died, leaving his widow and nine children deeply in debt.
To make ends meet Elizabeth and her older sisters, Anna and Marian opened a school, The Cincinnati English and French Academy for Young Ladies.
The long painful death of a dear friend of Blackwell's formed her desire to pursue medicine as a career.
Blackwell moved to Philadelphia where she boarded with Dr. William Elder and studied privately with Dr. Jonathan Allen while she applied to various medical schools.
She met a great deal of resistance from the male medical societies and was advised to go to Paris or disguise herself as a man.
In October 1847 she was accepted at the small Geneva Medical College in upstate New York.
On 23 January 1849 Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman in the U.S to earn a medical degree after presenting her graduate thesis on typhus which linked physical health with socio-moral stability.
She left for France where she studied with the famous obstetrician, Paul Dubois.
In 1851 she returned to the U.S. and opened a private practice in New York City.
On 1858 she returned to England and under a clause in the Medical Act 1858 that recognized the degrees of foreign doctors, was able to become the first woman doctor to be register with the General Medical Council.
In 1895 she published her autobiography, Pioneer Work in Opening the Medical Profession to Women which sold only 500 copies.


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