Emil Kraepelin Facts

Emil Kraepelin Facts
Emil Kraepelin (February 15, 1856 to October 7, 1926) was a German psychiatrist and is credited with being the founder of modern scientific thought.
Interesting Emil Kraepelin Facts:
Kraeplin was born in Neustrelitz, Germany, where his father was a civil servant.
In 1874 he began his medical studies in Leipzig and Wurzburg and received his medical degree in 1878.
While at University he wrote a prize-winning essay, "The Influence of Acute Illness in the Causation of Mental Disorders".
In 1883 he published his major work Compendium der Psychiatrie arguing that psychiatry was a branch of medicine and should be subject to scientific observation and experimentation like the other sciences.
He proposed physical causes for some mental illness and established the beginnings of a modern classification system for mental disorders.
In 1886 he became professor of psychiatry at the University of Dorpat and in 1890 became the department head at the University of Heidelberg.
In 1903 he was appointed to the post of Professor Clinical Psychiatry at the University of Munich.
In 1912 he was asked by the German Society of Psychiatry to establish a center for psychiatric research which opened in 1917.
He spoke out against the treatment of patients in psychiatric asylums and the use of prisons instead of hospitals for the insane.
Through long term studies, he demonstrated that certain mental illnesses, like schizophrenics were more common in those who had relatives with the same condition.
He worked with Alois Alzheimer and together they discovered Alzheimer's disease.
Unfortunately his belief that eugenics and racial hygiene were necessary to preserve the strength of the German people and his vicious anti-Semitism have over shadowed his work.
His theories on the diagnosis of mental illnesses underpins the modern diagnostic systems, especially the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-IV and the World Health Organization's ICD system.


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