Emmy Noether Facts

Emmy Noether Facts
Amalie Emmy Noether (March 23, 1882 - April 14, 1935) was an influential German mathematician who made innovative contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics. Highly regarded by researchers like Pavel Alexandrov, Albert Einstein, Jean Dieudonné, Hermann Weyl, and Norbert Wiener, she is often described as the most important woman in mathematics.
Interesting Emmy Noether Facts:
Noether was born to a middle class Jewish family in Germany, the daughter of another notable mathematician, Max Noether.
She set out to become a language teacher with a focus on English and French, but while studying at the university where her father taught, she should great aptitude and interest in math.
After receiving her degree, Noether worked for almost a decade without pay at the Mathematical Institute of Erlangen due to the fact that women were typically prohibited from holding academic positions.
She was offered a position at the University of Gottingen, but the faculty of the philosophy department (which housed the mathematics studies) objected to a female lecturer.
She spent the next four years researching and teaching under the name of one of the men who invited her to the university, David Hilbert.
Noether became an important figure in the understanding of algebra, and even her contemporaries recognized her brilliance in proving theorems in the field.
Her contributions changed a number of long-held understandings in algebra, rings, and fields, and were crucial in physics, especially her theorem on the basic correlation between symmetry and conservation.
Noether's work is divided into three epochs, each with major importance to various fields.
The first, which includes her work from 1907 to 1919, primarily involved differential and algebraic invariants, and her pivotal work in physics, her two Noether's theorems.
The second epoch, developed between 1920 and 1926, involves her theory of mathematical rings.
In the third epoch, formed from 1927 to 1935, Noether focused on three distinct areas of mathematics: noncommutative algebra, linear transformations, and commutative number fields.
When the Nazis rose to power in Germany and issued decrees barring Jews from holding university positions, Noether moved to the US and took a position in the mathematics department at Bryn Mawr College.
One of Noether's theorems has been called "one of the most important mathematical theorems ever proved in guiding the development of modern physics."


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