Francis Galton Facts

Francis Galton Facts
Sir Francis Galton, FRS (February 16, 1822 to January 17, 1911) was an English explorer and anthropologist. He was best known for his work in eugenics and human intelligence. He was the first to study the effects of human selective mating.
Interesting Francis Galton Facts:
Galton was born in the Sparkbrook area of Birmingham, England to a wealthy family.
He was Charles Darwin's half-cousin and Darwin influenced Galton's later study.
Galton was a child prodigy and by age five he had learned some Latin, Greek and mathematics.
He attended King Edward's School in Birmingham but left at age 16 to study medicine.
For two years he studied medicine at Birmingham General Hospital and King's College in London.
From 1840 to 1844 he studied mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge University.
A severe nervous breakdown cut short his path to PhD and he was awarded an M.A, in 1847.
This experience caused him to propose a link between genius and madness.
When his father died in 1844 and left him a substantial fortune he abandoned his studies and became an enthusiastic world traveler.
In 1850 he joined the Royal Geographical Society and mounted an expedition to South West Africa.
He wrote a successful book about his experience, "Narrative of an Explorer in Tropical South Africa," and was awarded the Royal Geographical Society's gold medal in 1853.
He wrote a practical hand-book for travelers, The Art of Travel, which was a best seller in its day and is still in print.
Galton made many contributions to the science of meteorology and on 1 April 1875 he created the first weather map printed in The Times.
Darwin's book The Origin of the Species fired a passion in Galton to study the physical and psychological variations in human populations and he created a laboratory for the large-scale collection of statistical data.
He coined the term eugenics in 1883 and his studies led him to reject the popular theory of the inheritance of acquired characteristics.
He pioneered the use of the questionnaire in his various studies.


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