Frederick Soddy Facts

Frederick Soddy Facts
Frederick Soddy FRS (2 September 1877 to 22 September 1956) was an English chemist. He and Ernest Rutherford explained that radioactivity is due to the transmutation of elements. He discovered isotopes of several radioactive elements.
Interesting Frederick Soddy Facts:
Frederick Soddy was born in Eastbourne, England, son of a London merchant named Benjamin Soddy.
He attended Eastbourne College and the University College of Wales.
In 1895 he received a scholarship to Merton College, Oxford and in 1898 he graduated with honors in chemistry.
From 1900 to 1902 he was Demonstrator in the Chemistry Department of McGill University in Montreal, Canada.
It was in Montreal that he worked with Professor Sir Ernest Rutherford on radioactivity and together they determined that atomic disintegration resulted in the formation of new elements.
From 1904 to 1914 he was lecturer in chemistry and radioactivity at the University of Glascow where he formulated the "displacement law" which states that an alpha-particle emission causes an element to move lower by two places in the Periodic Table and a beta causes it to move higher by one.
In 1910 he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society.
In 1914 he was appointed Professor of Chemistry at the University of Aberdeen where his research for the war found that uranium decays to radium.
From 1919 until his retirement in 1934, he was the Dr. Lees Professor of Chemistry at Oxford University.
In 1921 he received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his formulation of the theory of isotopes and was elected member of the International Atomic Weights Committee.
He wrote numerous books on his work including Radioactivity (1904), The Interpretation of Radium (1909), The Chemistry of Radioactive Elements (1912 to 1914), The Story of Atomic Energy (1949) and Atomic Transmutation(1953).
A small crater on the far side of the Moon is named for him.


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