Grace Murray Hopper Facts

Grace Murray Hopper Facts
Grace Murray Hopper (December 9, 1906 to January 1, 1992) was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. She invented the first compiler for a computer programming language. She is credited with popularizing the term "debugging" for fixing computer glitches (inspired by an actual moth removed from the computer).
Interesting Grace Murray Hopper Facts:
Grace was born Grace Brewster Murray in New York City, the oldest of three children.
She showed an early interest in engineering and at the age of seven tore apart seven of the family's alarm clocks to see how they worked.
In 1928 she graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Vassar with a B.S. in mathematics and physics and earned her M.S. from Yale in 1930.
Hopper received her PhD from Yale in 1934 and her dissertation "New Types of Irreducibility Criteria" was published the same year.
In 1943, Hopper took a leave of absence from her teaching job at Vassar to serve in the U.S. Navy Reserves.
She graduated from the Naval Reserve Midshipmen's School in 1944 and was assigned to the Mark I computer programming staff.
In 1949 Hopper became a senior mathematician at Ecker-Mauchly computer company and helped develop UNIVAC I.
In 1952 she invented a working compiler.
In 1954 she became the company's first director of automatic programming and she and her team developed the first compiler languages, MATH-MATHIC and FLOW-MATIC.
In the spring of 1959 she served as technical consultant to the team that invented COBOL (Common Business-Oriented Language) which became an industry standard computer language.
From 1967 to 1977 she was the director of programming languages in the Navy's Office of Information Systems and was promoted to captain in 1973.
In the 1970's she advocated distributed computing for the Navy and pioneered the creation of standards for computer systems and languages.
In 1966 she retired from the Naval Reserve at the age of 60 but was recalled to active duty from 1967 to 1970.
She retired again in 1971 but was recalled to active duty from 1972 to 1986.
Among her many awards was the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, the highest non-combat decoration given by the Department of Defense.


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