Guglielmo Marconi Facts

Guglielmo Marconi Facts
Guglielmo Marconi (25 April 1874 to 20 July 1937) was 1st Marquis of Marconi and an Italian inventor and electrical engineer. He was best known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission.
Interesting Guglielmo Marconi Facts:
Guglielmo Giovanni Maria Marconi was the second son born into a noble family in Bologna.
His father, Guiseppe Marconi was an Italian aristocrat and his mother, Annie Jameson was the daughter of Andrew Jameson of Daphne Castle and the granddaughter of John Jameson, founder of Jameson Distillery.
Marconi's early education included private instruction in the laboratory of Augusto Righi, a physics professor at the University of Bologna.
In 1888 Heinrich Heinz published his findings on electromagnetic radiation or radio waves and Professor Righi had done research on Hertz's work and shared some of his work with Marconi who continued to experiment with wireless telegraphy.
In the summer of 1895 Marconi moved his experiments outside and set up an antenna which increased the range of his wireless telegraph significantly.
Because Marconi was unable to interest the Italian government in funding his research he and his mother left for London in 1896.
On 13 May 1897 Marconi sent the first ever wireless signal over open sea and so impressed William Preece, the Chief Electrical Engineer of the British Post Office that he introduced Marconi's work to the Royal Institution on 4 June 1897.
In 1899 Marconi traveled to the US at the invitation of The New York Herald to cover the America's Cup yacht races and on 15 November 1899 the ocean liner SS St. Paul on which he was returning to England was the first to use wireless to report her immanent arrival.
On 18 January 1901 Marconi sent the first transatlantic radio message originating in the US and it was a greeting from President Theodore Roosevelt to King Edward VII of Great Britain.
Marconi received much recognition and many international honors for his work.
In 1909 Marconi shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Braun and in 1918 he received the Franklin Institute's Franklin Medal.
In 1914 Marconi was made a Senator in the Italian Senate and was appointed Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order.
In 1929 he was elevated to Marquis by King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy.


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