Gustav Ludwig Hertz Facts

Gustav Ludwig Hertz Facts
Gustav Hertz (22 July 1887 to 30 October 1975) was a German physicist and researcher. His primary work was in the field of electron collision and atomic isotope separation.
Interesting Gustav Ludwig Hertz Facts:
Gustav Hertz was born in Hamburg and was the son of a lawyer.
He entered the University of Gottingen in 1906 and graduated in 1911 from the University of Berlin.
His thesis studies were on the infrared absorption of carbon dioxide in relation to pressure.
From 1911 to 1914 he was a research assistant at the Physics Institute of Berlin and it was here that he and James Franck experimented on inelastic electron collisions in gases.
On April 24, 1914 their paper was presented which detailed the first electrical measurement of the quantum nature of atoms.
For the Franck-Hertz experiments they shared the Nobel Prize in Physics 1925.
He was drafted into the German Army in 1914 and severely wounded in 1915.
From 1920 to 1925 he worked in the physics laboratory at the Phillips Incandescent Lamp Factory at Eindhoven.
1928 he became Director of the Physics Institute at Charlottenburg Technological University where he developed a technique for separating isotopes using gaseous diffusion.
Because he had Jewish ancestry, Hertz was anxious to leave Germany.
A friend contacted the Soviets on his behalf and on 27 April 1945 a major in the Soviet Army arrived at his work in an armored car and he was taken to the Soviet Union.
In 1945 he was called to Sverdlovsk-44 to increase its uranium enrichment capabilities.
In 1951 he and Franck were awarded the Max Planck Medal by the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.
Hertz left the Soviet Union in 1955 he accepted the post of Professor at the Karl Marx University in Leipzig.


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