Hendrik Antoon Lorentz Facts

Hendrik Antoon Lorentz Facts
Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (18 July 1853 - 4 February 1928) was a Dutch physicist. His work with Pieter Zeeman earned him a Nobel Prize in 1902, and his transformation equations were used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time.
Interesting Hendrik Antoon Lorentz Facts:
Hendrik Lorentz was born in Arnhem, in the Netherlands.
He excelled in high school, learning English, French, and German and the classical languages that were required for University admission.
He studied physics and mathematics at Leiden University and earned a B.S.
In 1875 he earned his PhD with a dissertation entitled, "On the theory of reflection and refraction of light" which built on James Maxwell's electromagnetic theory.
In 1877 he was appointed chair of theoretical physics at the University of Leiden.
Much of his research centered on the theory of electromagnetism and the relationship of electricity, magnetism and light.
Lorentz thought atoms consisted of charged particles whose oscillations were the source of light.
He and his colleague Pieter Zeeman shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery of the Zeeman Effect, which can be used to measure a magnetic field.
It has important applications in nuclear magnetic resonance, magnetic resonance imaging, and spectroscopy.
In a 1904 paper Lorentz wrote a detailed discussion of the phenomenon of time dilation and its effect of the mass of rapidly moving objects.
In 1905 Albert Einstein would use many of Lorentz's concepts to write his paper, "On the Electrodynamics of Moving bodies," which later became known as the Lorentz-Einstein theory.
In 1912 Lorentz resigned from his chair at the University to become curator of the Physics Cabinet at Teylers Museum.
After World War I, Lorentz served on the committee to use science to solve civil problems, such as food shortages, caused by the war.
From 1918 to 1926 Lorentz chaired a committee to study the hydraulic effects of building a dam on the Waddenzee.
Albert Einstein delivered the eulogy at the University memorial service for Lorentz.


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