Homi Jehangir Bhabha Facts

Homi Jehangir Bhabha Facts
Homi Jehangir Bhabha, FRS (30 October 1909 to 24 January 1966) was an Indian nuclear physicist. He was known as the "father of the Indian nuclear program."
Interesting Homi Jehangir Bhabha Facts:
Bhabha was born into a wealth Parsi family in Bombay, India (now Mumbai).
He attended the Cathedral and John Connon School and in 1924 passed his Senior Cambridge Examination with honors.
He entered Caius College of Cambridge University, and in June 1930 received a first level with honors in Mechanical Sciences.
While studying for his doctorate, he worked at the Cavendish Laboratory, which was the site of many breakthroughs in the field of nuclear physics.
During 1931 to 1932 he was awarded the Salomons Studentship in Engineering.
In 1933 he received a PhD in nuclear physics with his paper, "The Absorption of Cosmic Radiation."
From 1934 to 1937 he held the Isaac Newton Studentship, during which time he worked with Niels Bohr in Copenhagen.
In 1935 he was the first to determine the cross section of electron-positron scattering, which was later named Bhabha scattering in his honor.
In 1936 he published "The Passage of Fast Electrons and the Theory of Cosmic Showers," which described how primary cosmic rays interact with the upper atmosphere to produce particles observable at ground level.
Bhabha was on holiday when World War II started and he decided to remain in India and accept a position as the Reader in the Physics Department of the Indian Institute of Science.
He established the Cosmic Ray Unit at the Institute of Science, and on 20 March 1941 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.
In 1944 he sent a proposal to the Tata Trust for backing to establish a school of research in fundamental physics in India, and the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research opened in 1945.
In 1954 he helped found the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay and the Department of Atomic Energy.
He served as President of the United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy.
In 1955 he was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Sciences.
He died when Air India Flight 101 crashed near Mt. Blanc.


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