Ivan Pavlov Facts

Ivan Pavlov Facts
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (26 September 1849 to 27 February 1936) was a Russian physiologist. He is known primarily for his work in conditioned response. He won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1904 for his work.
Interesting Ivan Pavlov Facts:
Ivan Pavlov was the eldest of eleven children born in Ryazan where his father was the village priest.
Pavlov was seriously injured in a fall when he was seven so was educated at home until he was able to start school at age 11.
After graduating from high school, he entered the local theological seminary, but in 1870 transferred to the university in St. Petersburg to study physics and mathematics.
In 1874 he won an award for his research on the physiology of pancreatic nerves.
In 1875 Pavlov received a degree in Natural Sciences but decided to continue his studies in the Academy of Medical Surgery.
In 1879 Pavlov graduated from the Medical Military Academy with a gold medal and won a fellowship at the Academy for postgraduate work.
In 1879 he presented his doctoral thesis on The Centrifugal Nerves of the Heart in which he outlined the basic principles and function of the nervous system.
From 1884 to 1886 he worked in Leipzig studying digestion in dogs and he overcame the problem of maintaining the blood supply to the exteriorized stomachs.
From 1890 to 1895 he was the professor of Pharmacology at the Military Medical Academy and beginning in 1891 he also organized the Institute of Experimental Medicine.
Pavlov created an external salivary collection device to analyze and record the saliva of dogs and children in response to certain stimuli.
He made many contributions to physiology and neurology but his most famous work was on conditioning and involuntary reflex.
His work on the digestive glands earned him the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology in 1904.
He was among the first to carry out experiments on live animals rather than using vivisection to record experimental results and it required a large-scale kennel to keep the animals alive and healthy.
From 1921 to his death in 1936 he held weekly meetings at the laboratory where he spoke on many topics.
Although he was highly praised and received many awards from the Soviet Government, he was contemptuous of their policies and politics.


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