J. Hans D. Jensen Facts

J. Hans D. Jensen Facts
Johannes Hans Daniel Jensen (25 June 1907 to 11 February 1973) was a German nuclear physicist. During World War II, he worked on the German nuclear energy project. After the war Jensen was a professor and researcher at the University of Heidelberg. In 1963 he and Maria Goeppert-Mayer shared half of the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on the nuclear shell model.
Interesting J. Hans D. Jensen Facts:
Johannes Hans Daniel Jensen was born in Hamburg and was the son of a gardener.
From 1926 to 1931 he studied physics, mathematics and physical chemistry at the Universities of Hamburg and Freiburg.
In 1932 he received a PhD in physics from the University of Hamburg and became a scientific assistant at the Institute for Theoretical Physics at the University.
In 1936 he received a doctor of science degree from the University of Hamburg.
After Hitler came to power in 1930 a series of laws were passed which deeply affected the education system in Germany.
Jewish professors were dismissed and Christian professors were encouraged, and in cases obligated to join the Nazi party.
Jensen was an active member of the party from 1936.
In 1937 he became a professor at the Technische Hochschule in Hannover (now the University of Hannover).
1941 was accepted a Professor at the University of Heidelberg.
Jensen was one of the members of the Nazi Uranium Club which was working to harness atomic energy for military purposes.
His part of the project involved the separation of uranium isotopes and he developed a double centrifuge to speed up the process.
In 1949 Jensen was working in Germany and Maria Goeppert-Mayer was working at the Argonne National Laboratory in Chicago when they independently posited the shell model for the nucleus of an atom.
In 1955 they collaborated on the paper Elementary Theory of Nuclear Shell Structure.
In 1963 he and Goeppert-Mayer shared half of the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work.
The remaining half of the Nobel Prize went to Eugene Wigner for his earlier foundational work on the nucleus and elementary particles.
In 1952 he was a visiting professor at the California Institute of Technology.
In 1953 he was a visiting professor at the Institute for Advanced Study of the University of Indiana.
Jensen died in Heidelberg, Germany.


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