John Logie Baird Facts

John Logie Baird Facts
John Logie Baird FRSE (August 14, 1888 to June 14, 1946) was a Scottish engineer, innovator and inventor of the world's first mechanical television. He invented the first color television system and the first purely electronic color television picture tube.
Interesting John Logie Baird Facts:
Baird was born in Helensburgh, Scotland and was the youngest son of the Reverent John Baird.
He was educated at the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College and the University of Glasgow but he did not receive a degree and left the university at the start of World War I.
Although the television was the result of many inventions, Baird was prominent in the field.
He was the first to produce a live image from reflected light.
His major technological breakthrough was improvements in the photoelectric cell and improvements in the signal conditioning.
In 1923 Baird moved to Hastings, England and rented a workshop.
He built the first working television which incorporated many household items including a hat box, some darning needles and glue.
In February 1924 he demonstrated an analogue television system to the Radio Times.
In July 1924 he received a 1000 volt electric shock but survived with only burns.
The owner of the workshop asked him to leave.
On March 25, 1925 he set up a three-week demonstration of the television at Selfridges department store in London where the public got its first look at the new invention.
On October 2, 1925, Baird successfully transmitted the first television image.
The image was a 30-line vertically scanned image and five pictures per second could be scanned.
Baird tried to get publicity for his invention from the Daily Express but the idea of a machine that could "see by wireless" was so foreign that the editor dismissed Baird as a lunatic.
On January 26, 1926 Baird demonstrated his television for the Royal Institution and a reporter for the London Times.
By the time of this demonstration he had improved the scan rate to 12.5 images per second.
On July 3, 1928 he had introduced color television.
In 1927 he sent a long-distance television signal over the 438 miles from London to Glasgow.
In 1928 his company, Baird Television Development Company, LTD, sent the first transatlantic transmission and in 1929 he and Bernard Natan started France's first television company.
In 1930 he set up the world's first television theater system and by 1939 his system used a projection screen 15 ft x 12 ft.
On August 16, 1944 he demonstrated the world's first fully electronic color television.
During World War II Baird worked on radar and infrared night viewing devices.
Australia's Logie Awards are named for him and in 2014 he was posthumously inducted into the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers.


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