John Ray Facts

John Ray Facts
John Ray (November 29, 1627 to 17 January 1705) was an English naturalist. He made important contributions to botany, zoology and natural theology. He published Historia Plantarum which was an important step to modern taxonomy.
Interesting John Ray Facts:
John Ray was born in Black Notley, England where his father was a blacksmith.
In 1643 he entered Cambridge University and studied at Trinity College and Catharine Hall.
In 1649 he was chosen minor fellow of Trinity.
In 1651 he became a lecturer in Greek and in 1653 a lecturer in mathematics.
His most famous student was Francis Willughby.
On December 23, 1660 he was ordained and some of his sermons were on seeing God in creation.
From 1663 to March 1666 Ray, Willughby and two other students traveled through Europe collecting animal and plants.
Ray published an account of their travels entitled Observations topographical, moral and physiological, made on a Journey through part of the Low Countries, Germany, Italy, and France.
Willughby made systematic descriptions of the ornithology and ichthyology and Ray did the same with the plants collections.
In 1682 he published Methodus plantarum nova.
His greatest work, Historia generalis plantarum was published in three volumes in 1686, 1688 and 1704.
In 1667 he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society .
In 1669 he and Willughby published Experiments concerning the Motion of Sap in Trees.
In his History of plants, written in 1686, he was the first to create a biological definition of species.
In 1690's he published three volumes on religion, including the Works of The Wisdom of God Manifested in the Creation in 1691.
He wrote an early work on dendrochronology which explained how to date an ash tree from its tree rings.


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