Lise Meitner Facts

Lise Meitner Facts
Lise Meitner (November 7, 1878 to October 27, 1968) was an Austrian physicist. Meitner was part of the team that discovered nuclear fission. Element 109, meitnerium, is named in her honour.
Interesting Lise Meitner Facts:
Lisa Meitner was the third of eight children born to a Jewish family in Vienna.
In 1905 she became the second woman to earn a PhD in physics at the University of Vienna which was quite an accomplishment since it was unusual for a woman to attend public universities.
She was the first woman allowed by Max Planck to attend his lectures and after a year became his assistant.
She worked with Otto Hahn at the University of Berlin and in 1909 she presented two papers on beta-radiation.
In 1917 she received the Leibniz Medal by the Berlin Academy of Sciences for the discovery of the first long-lived isotope of protactinium.
In 1926 she accepted a post at the University of Berlin and became the first woman in Germany to become a full professor of physics.
In 1930 she taught with Leo Szilard and explored the possibility of creating elements heavier than uranium in a laboratory.
In 1938 he fled Nazi Germany to moved first to the Netherlands and then to Sweden.
In Stockholm she worked with Niels Bohr.
In a series of experiments she and Otto Frisch discovered the reason no stable element existed in nature beyond uranium.
She and Frisch also realized potential energy explained by Einstein's equation, E=mc2 and was the first to correctly identify nuclear fission.
When the Manhattan project was started in 1942, Meitner was offered a position but refused to work on a bomb.
She remained in Stockholm where she worked at the Nobel Institute for Physics, the Swedish Defence Research Establishment and the Royal Institute of Technology.
In 1947 she became a professor at the University College of Stockholm.
When Otto Hahn received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1945, many scientists felt that Meitner should have been named a co-recipient and that her omission was proof of gender bias.
In 1945 she was elected to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and in 1949 she became a foreign member of the Royal Society in London.
In 1946 she was named "Woman of the Year" by the National Press Club and had dinner with the President of the United States.
In 1949 she received the Max Planck Medal of the German Physics Society and in 1955 she received the first Otto Hahn Prize of the German Chemical Society.
In 1960 she moved to Cambridge, England.


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