Louis Pasteur Facts

Louis Pasteur Facts
Louis Pasteur (December 27, 1822 to September 28, 1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist. He is best known for his work on vaccination and microbial fermentation. The process of pasteurization is named for him.
Interesting Louis Pasteur Facts:
Louis Pasteur was born in Dole, France to a poor family.
In 1831 he started elementary school in Arbois where he was an average student but a gifted artist.
In 1840 he earned a B.A. from the College Royal de Besancon and was appointed the post of teaching assistant.
In 1844 he entered the Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris and received a B.S. in 1845 and in 1847 he submitted his theses in chemistry and physics.
In his most important early work he demonstrated the principle of molecular chirality which has applications in several areas of chemistry.
He proved that microorganisms come from other microorganisms and do arise from spontaneous generation.
In 1848 he became professor of chemistry at the University of Strasbourg and in 1854 he became dean of the faculty of sciences at Lille University.
In 1857 he became the director of scientific studies at the Ecole Normale Superieure and where he instituted a series of reforms to improve the standards.
Due to his harsh and autocratic style, two student revolts occurred during his tenure.
Pasteur's experiments clearly established the germ theory and he popularized it to most of Europe.
He invented a process to heat milk, wine and beer to kill the microbes in them and prevent spoiling.
In 1862 the French Academy of Sciences offered the Alhumbert Prize to anyone who could prove or disprove the theory of spontaneous generation.
In his most famous experiment, Pasteur proved conclusively that germs could only come from other germs and won the prize and the 2,500 francs.
In 1865 the silk industry was in danger since two parasitic diseases were killing the silk worms.
Pasteur discovered the microorganism that was infecting the silkworm eggs and that disinfecting the nurseries would stop the disease.
In 1870 his experiments proved that a weakened form of disease could cause immunity to subsequent exposure to the causative agents.
He produced the first rabies vaccine and in 1885 he used it successfully on a child who had been mauled by a rabid dog.
In 1887 he established the Pasteur Institute and was its director until his death.


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